Fleas are those bloodsucking pests that are lethal to every member in your household. Your four-legged friends included. These tiny pests don’t have the ability to fly around like mosquitoes, but they can leap great distances, which still make them quite a nuisance. The main source of nutrition of a flea is mostly blood meals. Because of their minute size and preference of warm locations, they tend to infest on the fur and body of dogs, cats, and rodents.
One of the main factors as to why fleas are a major nuisance is at the rate they can reproduce. It is to be believed that around 20 fleas can infest on a dog and can lay around 360 eggs at a time. Fleas are also carriers of harmful pathogens and diseases. They are notorious for giving animals various skin diseases, and allergic rashes and diseases to humans.
The Centre for Disease Control recently released a statement that the number of illnesses caused by bites from mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas has tripled between 2004- 2016. While it is scarce, the most common disease that fleas carry is the plague. Even then, fleas are difficult pests to control and are still considered a major cause for worldwide sickness.
According to a recent CDC statement, the number of illnesses caused by mosquito, tick, and flea bites tripled between 2004 and 2016. Though rare, the disease fleas most commonly spread is the plague. Still, fleas can be difficult to control and remain a major cause of worldwide sickness.
Fleas may transmit diseases while taking a blood meal from a human or animal host or via contaminated fecal pellets. Some of the more commonly encountered flea-borne diseases affecting people worldwide include:
The infamous plague was responsible for the loss of millions of European lives in the dark ages. While it is common knowledge that the plague was spread by infected rats, the oriental rat flea is the main transmitter of the plague disease. These fleas can be found in areas of the world that have the rat flea vector. They also live off the bodies of rats that harbor the disease.
Fleas transmit their own variant of typhus, aka Murine Typhus. This form of typhus is spread by bacteria infested feces of infected cat fleas. Murine Typhus is mainly spread by passing of bacteria from flea bites. The spreading of bacteria is increased when the victim scratches the bite.
Bartonellosis (Cat Scratch Disease)
Bartonellosis can be a very strong illness, leaving the victim in intense fatigue, nausea, and fever. The reason it is called as the cat scratch disease is that it causes lesions on the victim’s abdomen which resemble stretch marks or cat scratches. Bartonellosis is known to be transmitted to humans via bites from the oriental rat flea and cat fleas.
Tapeworms are known to cause a lot of health issues in terms of the digestive tract in humans. Tapeworms also can be ingested via fleas. This occurrence mostly happens to children who accidentally eat infected fleas or contact with infected flea feces.
Tungiasis is an ailment that occurs mostly in tropical areas. It’s caused when the chigoe flea burrows into the skin of the victim and takes a blood meal. The bites from a chigoe flea are usually followed by secondary infections and severe itching.
Removing fleas and Eggs:
Trying to use traditional methods for getting rid of pests isn’t enough to get rid of your flea problems. For one, fleas use your pets as transport and can spread their eggs all over your home. Keep in mind, flea eggs aren’t sticky and don’t latch on to places, making it perfect for them to fall all over your home while your pet moves around. This makes the flea extermination process much more difficult.
What you must also consider if you are a pet owner, is the overall health of your pets. Fleas can cause them a lot of irritation and lead to shedding and other skin diseases. So the first step you should take is to have your dog/cat medicated with over the counter flea medication pills. These pills are quite effective and will kill adult fleas almost instantly. In order to get rid of the eggs and larvae still on your pet, consider giving them a thorough bath using some medicinal animal shampoos. These soaps and shampoos can also help your pets in the rashes and itching they might have had to suffer through because of the fleas.
The next step would be to somehow keep children and pets away from the house during the cleaning process. This is because if they enter the home, fleas might seek refuge and latch on to them.
The next immediate step should be to vacuum clean all your upholstery, carpets, curtains, chairs, shelves, sofas. Doing so will drastically suck up all adult fleas, larvae, eggs from your home. Be sure to immediately dispose of the dust bag from your vacuum cleaner, or it might lead to fleas escaping.
The next step would be to run and wash all clothing which you think is infested in hot water. The high temperatures will kill off all the larvae and eggs and make it safe for wearing.
There are alternative methods that you can follow, you can use store bought fumigation devices to smoke your home and kill the fleas. Fumigation can suck up the moisture needed for fleas to survive, this leads to the fleas chafing and then bleeding to death. It has a similar effect to the eggs and larvae. While all the methods listed above are quite effective, you will need to be patient and apply multiple attempts in order to completely eliminate the flea threat.
One Swift Blow To Fight Fleas
Fleas are pests that will haunt you and your family members (even four-legged ones) for a long time if you don’t take any action. But if you want to annihilate them from your home, the best and only option would be to call in a pest control agency.
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Once you’re convinced by a pest control agency, you can ask for a quotation and be one step closer to a pest free home!