Insects, rodents and other pests are a large problem that needs to be addressed in your home your home. This becomes worse knowing that many of these pests can spread an array of harmful and dangerous diseases.
A small bite from an insect or rodent could leave you in a fatally weak condition. The same can go for food that has been contaminated thanks to these pests eating them up so that they can grow and rapidly multiply. So below are the various diseases that pests spread and the solutions to countering them.
Now, these diseases caused by pests are divided into two groups: Insect-Borne Diseases and Rodent-Borne Diseases.
As the name suggests, these are diseases that are transmitted by the insect menace in your home. While you might think that such small pests would be relatively harmless, the diseases and pathogens they carry are lethal and can make you fatally ill.
These are some of the diseases and the symptoms that represent them:
- Typhoid Fever
Typhoid is a very dangerous illness and must be taken care of with utmost seriousness. The first symptom of typhoid is high fever, followed by pain in the abdomen, headaches, and constipation. A visual indicator of typhoid is the presence of a rose-colored rash on the victim. The disease saps all energy and the victim will be extremely weak and tired to move after a weak. Because of the dehydration and lack of energy, diarrhea may also set in. It is paramount you seek medical attention as soon as you suspect a case of Typhoid.
Salmonella is one of the most common causes of diarrhea in the United States. The way the disease is spread is through the consumption of contaminated food. The main carrier of Salmonella is cockroaches.
The bacteria is carried by cockroaches via their legs and bodies and inadvertently deposit the bacteria on to your food when they are feeding. A simple preventive measure would be to properly pack all your food and store it in a cool place with extensive wrapping.
The most common identifier for when someone has a case of dysentery is severe diarrhea. Dysentery is mostly caused due to the contamination of food and water by amoebic microorganisms.
Dysentery must be treated by a doctor and takes time for the patient to recover. A simple preventive measure would be to invest in a water purifier or to boil water before consumption. Boiling water would kill the microorganisms and bacteria to make the water potable.
According to the World Health Organization, Cholera is a dangerous disease that can kill you very quickly if not tended to quickly. The major symptom of cholera would be a case of watery diarrhea stools which causes extensive dehydration.
After inspection from the doctor, treatment for cholera mostly pertains to keeping the patient constantly hydrated till the disease has run its course. Cholera is one of the waterborne diseases caused by bacteria formed in stagnant water. Stagnant water can become the home to Cholera because of the breeding of mosquitoes.
In order to prevent a bout of cholera affecting you and your family members, make sure to place nets on your windows to prevent mosquitoes and flies from entering your home. Another key measure would be to locate all the areas where pools of stagnant water might collect.
Check your trash bins for water collected in the bottom. Water from rain can collect on the inside of spare tires and holes in your yard. Elimination of all these pools of water will ensure that no mosquito breeding occurs within your vicinity.
A more expensive preventive measure is to fumigate your home every evening with insect repellent
- . This will ensure that insects do not breed in stagnant water and are kept at a distance from your home.
Listeriosis is yet another disease that can cause diarrhea. While it isn’t listed as dangerous as Cholera or Typhoid, it still can cause headaches and muscle aches. For most of the populous, the effects of Listeriosis is mild, with a rare lethal threat to individuals who have a very weak immune system.
Listeriosis, however, is quite dangerous in terms of pregnant women as its afflictions include causing them to miscarry. Listeriosis, unlike Cholera, is caused by a virus and hence takes a bit longer to heal up in comparison.
- Respiratory Disorders
Cockroaches are one special type of insect pests because they make themselves at home no matter what the climate, temperature etc. A cockroach infestation is tricky to avoid seeing as they are always lurking about your home.
While you think they are just icky and creepy creatures, their mere presence in your home can lead to many health complications. Since cockroaches move through a lot of grime and dirt and can thrive in your sewage and drainage systems, they carry all sorts of pathogens.
As explained above, cockroaches and flies can spread bacteria on to leftover food and infect you, but they can do even more damage. Cockroaches can cause severe respiratory problems to people hard of breathing or asthma patients.
Because of the pathogens, they carry they can aggravate breathing disorders and also create irritating allergies to humans. To repel them you can use your naphthalene cubes or your store bought repellant. Thorough cleaning of your dirty and used utensils is a key preventive method.
- Lyme Disease
Another common disease that is transmitted is Lyme disease. The most common insect that can infect you with Lyme disease is the Deer Tick. Lyme disease is very dangerous as the major complication is that it leaves the victim paralyzed.
If suspected and checked early, the effects of Lyme disease can be reversed. Lyme disease is mainly caused by a form of bacterium known as Borrelia Bugdorferi. The way it works is that when a tick bites a host, the bacterium enters the bloodstream and causes a skin rash and eventual paralysis.
As mentioned above mosquitoes tend to breed and seek refuge via stagnant water. Mosquitoes are notorious for spreading an array of dangerous diseases alongside cholera. Mosquitoes are the main carriers of a number of lethal diseases.
They carry viruses and bacteria that can inflict diseases like dengue fever, malaria, pogosta disease and the West Nile virus. All these diseases portray similar traits when it comes to how it affects humans. The victim would typically suffer from a high fever which makes it hard to predict what disease without proper medical expertise. Keep in mind all these diseases are fatal in nature if not caught and treated in time.
- Fly Borne Diseases
It is common knowledge that flies are some of the dirtiest pests you can have in your home. They are also quite annoying and difficult to get rid off physically. They are small in size and large in number which equals to a staggering amount of germ and virus-containing potential.
This is mostly because they dwell and feed on feces, fluids from sores and thrive in decayed matter and garbage. Flies will consume anything and everything edible. The worst thing is that flies excrete wherever they eat, leaving you with very contaminated and dirty food.
It’s because of this that there’s no surprise that flies consist as the largest group of pests that aid in the transmission of dozens of lethal diseases that affect humans. Some of the most fly-borne diseases include cholera, dysentery, epidemic conjunctivitis and poliomyelitis.
- Epidemic Conjunctivitis
Epidemic conjunctivitis, or epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, is a much more dangerous version of the regular ‘pink eye’. In reality, the disease is a representation of something that is far more contagious and irritating. This strain of conjunctivitis shows itself on the victim via inflammation of the cornea (eye), fever, extreme fatigue, headaches and swelling of the lymph nodes on the throat.
How the disease spreads is by the pathogens found on the body of flies making contact with your eyes. For instance, one can get infected by touching contaminated surfaces and then rubbing their eyes. In order to prevent getting epidemic conjunctivitis, you need to maintain utmost cleanliness of your body as well as your home. Exercise washing hands regularly and clearing out dirty substances and rotten food to prevent flies from getting attracted to your home.
Poliomyelitis or Polio in colloquial terms can cause permanent paralysis and death to its victims. This disease is a result of infection from the poliovirus. The poliovirus targets the infected individual’s brain tissues and spine. Once the infection occurs, individuals begin to experience symptoms similar to the flu, namely a sore throat, fever and extreme fatigue. These symptoms devolve even further into meningitis or paralysis.
While Polio has been eradicated in the North American regions as well as most regions of the world, it is still rampant in West Africa and South Asia. You should also know that the disease is usually transmitted via the fecal matter of infected individuals. The disease spreads rapidly because of the flies that dwell in feces and spread it wherever they go. This includes eating food that has been contaminated by flies carrying the virus.
Polio can easily be prevented thanks to vaccines, and it is paramount that young children and babies are administered this vaccine to prevent them from being affected by the adverse effects of the poliovirus.
- Epidemic Conjunctivitis
If you thought that insects are the only pests that would give you lethal health complications, think again! Rodents can be a bane in general, ransacking your home and spoiling/stealing your food.
But they too are carriers of the most dangerous of diseases like Rabies and the Plague. Mice and rats carry such dangerous illnesses that as a homeowner you will have to use masks and gloves to clean infected material.
Rats and mice can tear up your upholstery and eat away at the organic components of your home. But their feces and urine carries very dangerous diseases and can be found on your plates and dishes. Here are some of the dangerous diseases that are spread by rodents:
- Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome
The symptoms of the Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome begin with high fever and muscle aches. It soon devolves to fatigue, headaches, and pain in the abdominal region. If left unattended, the victim will develop cough problems and find difficulty in breathing. If neglected even after the appearance of these symptoms, it could lead to death. According to the CDC, the mortality rate for the Hantavirus is about 38%.
A precautionary measure you must take when it comes to the Hantavirus is washing all your utensils and clothes before using them. This virus is usually spread by the residual urine and excrement of rodents. While excrement is easy to spot, urine can be undetectable. Another measure would be to hire an exterminator and get rid of the rodent pest as soon as possible.
The plagues can be spread with direct contact with the animal or as the result of a flea bite. The plague will start with fever and chills, but then can have three different results, with swollen lymph nodes, pneumonia or septicemic plague where the skin tissue can turn black and die. The plague is treatable with medical intervention.
- Lassa Fever
Similar to the Hantavirus, Lassa Fever is spread when people breathe in dust containing dried rodent urine or feces. The disease is usually mild with a mild fever and body aches, but complications can occur in some people including vomiting, difficulty breathing hearing loss.
Quite dangerous regardless of what animal bites you, rabies can be quite dangerous if not treated immediately. Just like any other animal, rabies is transmitted by being bitten by a rabid rodent.
Rabies is dangerous as it leads to aggression, drooling, aversion to water and lockjaw. The best solution to preventing rabies is to have your rodent infestation exterminated. You could do it yourself by setting up mouse traps and lacing food bait with rat poison.
All these diseases are quite dangerous and might make you fearful of having pests in your home. It might seem difficult to tackle all the different pests that are invading your home and preventing yourself from getting sick. For this reason, it is suggested that you hire an exterminator to come and eradicate all the various pests in your home. But how would one know which is the best pest control service in your area? Are you getting the adequate bang for your buck? What if the pest control agency does not do a proper job and the pests still haunt your home?
Fret not, because you can gauge and compare the top pest control agencies in the country all at www.pestcontrolroom.com. Here you can see the list of the top pest control agencies in your area alongside their prices and the services they offer. All you need to do is to compare and then decide which is the best form of pest control. Once you’ve done that, you can ask for a quote and begin negotiations with the pest control agency.